Prevalencec of Cardiovascular Disease in Women at Sampang General Hospital During The Year 2017

Author : A.Pramudya
Upload Date : 19-04-2018

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of death among women in the world. There is a lack data in the burden of CVD in women in Indonesia though CVD has been increasing steadily. In Sampang, the numbers of women who have CVD were 504, and it will increase steadily due to the lack of knowledge, low detection, and economic development. This provides a challenge for treating physicians also traditional CVD such as hypertension and heart failure is high in a number. Thus, poverty-related CVD such as untreated congenital and valvular heart disease and CVD with unclear etiology (peripartum cardiomyopathy) also contributes substantially to morbidity. This review focuses on current knowledge and prevalence of CVD in women as they related to clinical practice in prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and education of CVD.

Methods: A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted to 540 women who treated at cardiology outpatient department. They retrospectively identified from the medical records during February to December 2017.

Results: Of the 540 women, 209 women (38,7%) were heart failure, hypertension 168 women (31,1%), valvular heart disease 60 women (11,1 %), coronary artery disease 49 women (9,1%), arrhythmia 24 cases (4,4%), and miscellaneous 2,1 %. The most common of the categorical age was 45-54 years old group (149 cases or 27,6 %). In younger age, the highest number of CVD were valvular and congenital heart disease, in the middle and elder was heart failure.

Conclution: The result of this research shows that the prevalence of CVD in women are varied and still underdiagnosed. This suggests approaches reduce the burden of disease for vulnerable groups need to begin in early adulthood especially to educate them.  Awareness of the general public and professional health workers will improve care for women with CVD.

KEYWORDS : Women; Risk Factors; Cardiovascular Disease; Heart Failure; Primary Prevention

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