Correlation between Mean Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Body Mass Index among Minahasa Adults
Author : T. Sumampouw, G. P. Lumentut, N. Rantung, H. Pribadi, A. Panda, J. Pangemanan, M. Rotty
Upload Date : 19-04-2018
Introduction: Higher body mass index (BMI) is a serious public health problem in Indonesia with a continuing increase in its prevalence. High BMI (overweight) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor that contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. Subclinical form of cardiovascular disease can be assessed through ultrasound measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). We measured the cIMT mean in different criteria of BMI among Minahasa adults. The goal is to determine the correlation between body mass index and carotid intima-media thickness.
Methods: A cross-sectional study, participating 52 Minahasa adults, who came to Kandou hospital between October to November 2017. All participants underwent basic physical examination, measuring BMI based on heights and weights, and we measured the carotid intima-media thickness with ultrasound
Results: Twenty-five men (48.1%) and twenty-seven women (51.9%) with mean age of 51.67 years, were evaluated in this study. The majority of patients BMI were overweight (69.2%), with 31 of totals patients had higher cIMT mean (59.6%). Results showed significantly thicker carotid arteries found in adults who are overweight (p=0.017). Positive correlation between higher cIMT mean and BMI increase in Minahasa adults.
Brief Discussion : Measuring cIMT can help a clinician to detect early signs of atherosclerosis through structural change in artery and to reclassify a substantial proportion of intermediate cardiovascular risk patients into a lower or higher risk category
KEYWORDS : This study shows that cIMT is positively associated with BMI. Adults who are overweight seemed to have thicker carotid intima-media.