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The Relationship between the Degree of Active Smoking in Non AC Bus Drivers and Incidence of Primary Hypertension at PT. Mayasari Bakti May 2016 Term

Author : C. A. Aprilia, A.C.S. Putra, A. Harsoyo
Upload Date : 19-04-2018

Background: Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The degree of active smoking are categorized into three different levels, light, moderate, and heavy. These categories are based on frequency of smoking in the past year multiplied by a scaled value for quantity smoked per day. Smoking has been one of the risk factor that causes primary hypertension, which are difficult to control. The aim of this study is to find out the relationship between the degree of active smoking in non AC bus drivers and incidence of primary hypertension.

Methods: This study was used analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. Sixty four non AC bus drivers at PT. Mayasari Bakti on May 2016 term is selected. Data were obtained by measuring blood pressure of the respondents and the questionnaire which are given. The collected data then analyzed used by Chi-square test.

Results: From 64 respondents there were 9.4% categorized as light smoker, 53.1%, and 37.5% as moderate and heavy smoker respectively. As an alternative to Chi-square test, Fisher test were done and results showed that the relationship between the degree of active smoking and the incidence of primary hypertension in non AC bus drivers was p = 0.002 (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: The study showed there was significant relationship between the degree of active smoking and the incidence of primary hypertension in non AC bus drivers

KEYWORDS : the degree of active smoking, bus drivers, blood pressure, primary hypertension

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