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Comparison of Age Profiles with “Slow Deep Breathing” Technique in Essential Hypertensive.

Author : Y. A. Irmansyah, Y. W. Ashari, Y. Pintaningrum, Kadek Dwi P
Upload Date : 19-04-2018

Background: Slow Deep Breathing (SDB) appeare potentially beneficial as one of non-pharmacologycal management of hypertension in recent study, with increasing baroreflex sensitivity and reduces sympathetic activity and chemoreflex activation, and has the effect to reduces blood pressure. Not much studies explained the effect of SDB in detailed. So, we represent this study that focused to compare the SDB in different ages.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study with purposive sampling that match with the inclution criteria. Subject in this study are patient with essential hypertension grade 1 and 2 based on JNC 7, age between 18-65 years old without any medication history, and divide into 3 age groups; A (18-35); B (36-50); and C (50-65) years old. This study are randomly taken in North Lombok and Mataram between period October to December 2017. Data were analyze with SPSS 20, with Mann Whitney test.

Results: 100 subjects that match the inclution criteria was selected, consist of 56 male (44.71±12.23 years old), and 44 female (42.47±10.71 years old). As the result, SDB was very effective to reduce the SBP and DBP in group A compare to group B and C with p < 0.01, and more effectively in minute 10 and 15, but SDB were not significanly different to reduce the HR between group A, B and C (p > 0.01), but in minute 10 to 15, HR were significantly decrease in group A, compare to group B and C (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: Based on this study, slow deep breathing are more effectively reduce SBP and DBP in younger age (18 to 35 years old) compare to the older ages.

KEYWORDS : Slow deep breathing, Systolic blood pressure, Diastolic blood pressure, Heart rate, Age, Essensial hypertension.

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