Resolution of ST-Segment Depression in Reciprocal Leads as a Predictor of Mayor Adverse Cardiac Event for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated by Fibrinolytic Therapy

Author : A. S. Adhitya, H. Hasan, A. Sitepu, Z. Mukhtar
Upload Date : 19-04-2018

Background: ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) may cause Major Cardiovascular Event (MACE). Revascularization needs to be done in all STEMI patients to restore coronary blood flow, hence saving myocardial perfusion. ST Segment Depression (STSD) in reciprocal ECG lead is associated with poor prognosis in STEMI patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate MACE in STEMI patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy using resolution in STSD. 

Methods: This cohort prospective study with 60 subjects of STEMI patients which are evaluated for MACE (death, heart failure, and rehospitalization) within 30 days after myocardial infarction. Resolution in STSD is defined as resolution ≥ 50% STSD in reciprocal leads within 90 minutes after fibrinolytic therapy.

Results: Bivariate analysis showed that Ejection fraction (EF) <40% with OR 8,32 (2,11-32,74), p=0,001; smoking with OR 4,17 (1,05-16,57), p=0,034; Anterior STEMI with OR 3,94 (1,11-13,90), p= 0,027; Creatinine > 1,97 mg/dl with OR 3,69 (1,18-11,55), p= 0,022; complete outpatient medication with OR 5,23 (1,61-17,01), p= 0,004; fragmented QRS with OR 5,23 (1,61-17,01), p= 0,001; resolution in STSD with OR 26,35 (5,16-134, 40), p=<0,001; resolution in ST Segment Elevation with OR 10,5 (2,97-37,24), p=<0,001; are proven to be determining factor for MACE within 30 days. Multivariate analysis showed that among those determining factors for MACE, resolution in STSD on reciprocal leads is evidently the most dominant factor for predicting MACE within 30 days in STEMI patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy [OR 11.47 (1.14-115.10), p=0.038].

Conclusion: This study showed that there is significant difference in MACE within 30 days after myocardial infarction (MI) between patients with and without resolution in STSD. The subjects without resolution in STSD showed higher MACE incidence. Resolution in STSD is evidently an independent predictor for MACE within 30 days after myocardial infarction in STEMI patients.

KEYWORDS : Resolution in STSD, MACE, STEMI, Fibrinolytic

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